Press Release No. 95/24
April 19, 1995
International Monetary Fund
700 19th Street, NW
Washington, D.C. 20431 USA
IMF Approves STF Drawing for the Republic of Azerbaijan
The International Monetary Fund (IMF) today approved a drawing by the Republic of Azerbaijan of SDR 29.25 million (about $46 million) under the systemic transformation facility (STF)1 to support the Government’s macroeconomic stabilization and systemic reform program. This drawing is Azerbaijan’s first use of IMF financing.
Economic activity declined sharply in 1993 and 1994, with real GDP falling by more than 20 percent in both years as production was affected, inter alia, by the conflict over Nagorno-Karabakh and the disruption of transportation routes through Georgia and Chechnya, and inflation accelerated. While supply disruptions and corrections of administrative prices, particularly on bread and energy played a role, the principal sources of inflation were inappropriate financial policies. In particular, the fiscal deficit remained large and was fully financed by the central bank, and, because of the lack of effective control by the Azerbaijan National Bank, lending by the two large state banks increased rapidly.
Russia Terminates Azerbaijan Oil Transit Deal | World | RIA Novosti
Russia Terminates Azerbaijan Oil Transit Deal. 19:32 14/05/2013 …. in Russian Cities · US Diplomat Accused of Undercover CIA Work Detained in Moscow …
The story appears to have been wiped from this webpage? It was only in Google?
Baku expands role in Turkish economy
26.03.13 17:38 f.USSR
By Vladimir Socor
On March 22 in Copenhagen, the Danish and Turkish prime ministers, Helle Thorning-Schmidt and Recep Tayyp Erdogan, witnessed the signing of agreements between subsidiaries of Danish Moeller-Maersk and Azerbaijans State Oil Company (SOCAR) to develop a giant port near Izmir in Turkey.
Vladimir Socor is a Senior Fellow of the Washington-based Jamestown Foundation and its flagship publication, Eurasia Daily Monitor (1995 to date), where he writes analytical articles on a daily basis. Mr Socor covers Russian and Western policies, focusing on energy, regional security issues, Russian foreign affairs, secessionist conflicts, and NATO policies and programs. He is a regular guest lecturer at the NATO Defense College and at Harvard University’s National Security Program’s Black Sea Program. He is a Romanian-born citizen of the United States based in Munich, Germany.
Jamestown Foundation was linked to the prof at UMass Dartmouth helping Tsarnaev study Chechen history (and who was Welsh with resentments against British and Americans same as Chechens against Russia.) Also linked to Uncle Ruslan Tsarni.
Jamestown foundation Ruslan Tsarni
Brian Glyn Williams is the UMass Dartmouth prof who is Welsh.
Michael Heseltine who is Welsh recently denounced the UKIP for being pro-British.
Even Welsh in the Conservative Party are anti-British to this day. Heseltine was a former Deputy Prime Minister and he still hates the British.
Michael Heseltine was born in Swansea in Wales and is a distant descendant of Charles Dibdin (from whom one of his middle names was taken). His mother, Eileen Ray (Pridmore), originated in West Wales. His father’s ancestors were farm labourers in Pembrey. His maternal great-grandfather worked at the Swansea docks (as a result, Heseltine was latterly made an honorary member of the Swansea Dockers Club). His maternal grandfather, James Pridmore, founded West Glamorgan Collieries Ltd, a short-lived company that briefly worked two small mines on the outskirts of Swansea (1919–21).
Welsh have played a role in aid to Chechens and Chechen situation out of a shared resentment of the British (and Americans at times.)
Friar’s Middle School. Bangor, Wales (United Kingdom).
“The CIA Dagestan, Chechnya, Tsarnaev Nexus”
Ethno-Nationalism, Islam and the State in the Caucasus: …
Moshe Gammer – 2007 – Political Science
40 Brian Glyn Williams, ‘The Chechen Arabs. An Introduction to the Real Al Qaeda Threat from Chechnya.’ Jamestown Foundation Terrorism Monitor, Vol.
It is clear that Russia’s arrest and expulsion of two CIA agents who were trying to recruit members of the Russian intelligence service fighting against Salafist separatists in the Caucasus is part of a Russian mopping-up operation directed at the CIA’s decades-long covert support for terrorists operating in the Northern and Southern Caucasus.
Russia’s Federal Security Bureau (FSB) recently arrested Ryan Christopher Fogle, a CIA «official cover» U.S. embassy Third Secretary, who was trying to recruit an FSB counter-terrorism officer for the CIA. A Russian phone intercept of Fogle’s conversation with the targeted counter-terrorism officer revealed the following offer by the CIA agent: “You can earn up to $1 million per year and I’ll give you $100,000 up front, but only if we meet right now. Yes or no?» Earlier this year, the FSB nabbed another CIA agent, yet unnamed, and quietly deported him.
According to Turkish sources, the Jamestown Foundation’s operations in the Caucasus are tied in directly with those of the CIA. Accused Boston Marathion bomber Tamerlan Tsarnaev, according to documents from the Georgian Interior Ministry, attended training sessions in Tbilisi, Georgia last year sponsored by Jamestown. The foundation was set up as an anti-Soviet organization by CIA director William Casey in the early 1980s. Its board of directors have included the author Tom Clancy who gained fame by penning thrillers that pitted the United States against the Soviet Union in Cold War skirmishes.
Jamestown president Glen E. Howard is fluent in Turkish and Azerbaijani. Tamerlan’s uncle, Ruslan Tsarni (aka Tsarnaev) had been a business associate of former CIA Turkish specialist Graham Fuller, who has participated in a number of Jamestown events.
Jamestown has two major missions on behalf of the CIA: 1) to ensure the flow of energy, including oil and natural gas, from the Caspian through pipelines in Azerbaijan, Georgia, and Turkey and 2) prop up or topple governments in the region to ensure U.S. predominance. The latter is accomplished through organizing the political opposition, setting up conferences, and gaining influence in universities through non-governmental organizations established to veil the CIA’s financing of the operations. The NGOs ensure the CIA has a cadre of academics, politicians, former bureaucrats and diplomats, and intelligence agents to support its efforts through participation in «joint studies,» many of which are conducted by Jamestown. In return, the CIA provides its interlocutors with secret cash payments through the electronic transfer of funds to their bank accounts.
Whether one agrees with the spin here or not, the Russians certainly view the CIA and British as trying to do the above one way or another. They are trying to win Chechen hearts and minds by portraying Shleifer as CIA and Berezovsky as British intelligence and the cause of Chechen problems is CIA oil greed.
Jamestown, through its links with Fuller, and through, him, with Tsarni, had two Chechen organizations circling its orbit: the Congress of Chechen International Organizations, located at Fuller’s home in Maryland, and the United States-Chechen Republic Alliance Inc., located at the home of Alavi Tsarnaev, Ruslan Tsarni’s brother. Jamestown is also linked, according to Turkish sources, with the Cerkes Society of New Jersey, the New Jersey Circassian Association, and the Circassian Cultural Institute (CCI), all, like their Chechen counterparts, taking full advantage of the Internal Revenue Service’s 501 (c) 3 tax-exempt provisions.
Jamestown’s Howard was also in attendance, as was, more interestingly, Professor Brian Glyn Williams, professor of Islamic History at the University of Massachusetts-Dartmouth. Williams said he received an email from Dzhokhar Tsarnaev in May 2011, asking about Chechnya and that he helped him with a high school paper on his home country. Turkish sources reports that Williams has consulted for the CIA and Scotland Yard and is an expert on Turkish Volunteers in Chechnya and «Al-Qaeda Turka.» The Chechen-Ichkeria Republic separatist flag was on clear display at the Ilia-Jamestown seminar in Tbilisi on May 24, 2012.
Jamestown has rightly been referred to by the Russian Foreign Ministry as “singing the services of supporters of terrorists and pseudo-experts.” The ministry charged that Jamestown seminar speakers were “given carte blanche to spread extremist propaganda, incite ethnic and inter-religious discord.” Based on the circumstantial but important links between the organization and Fuller, Uncle Ruslan Tsarni and Tamerlan and Dzhokhar Tsarnaev, Jamestown has always skirted the edges of aiding and abetting terrorists, from its “Chechen Project” and its liaison with Chechen guerrillas from the Pankisi Gorge who would later turn up fighting American and NATO troops in Afghanistan and Iraq to Caucasus Emirate terrorists who constantly commit attacks on Russian military, police, and civilian personnel.
The Boston Bombing, the CIA, and the US Empire
Sibel Edmonds talks to Lew Rockwell about what’s really happening in Central Asia and the Caucasus.
August 8, 2013
EDMONDS: We talked about, and I was emphasizing the importance of Central Asia and Caucasus in my case and how the gag orders and the state secrets privilege, they were designed to basically quash that part of my case, what I blew the whistle on, which never saw the light of day because I talked about the CIA/NATO covert operations in Central Asia/Caucasus, both directly but also via our ally and NATO partner, Turkey. This was the extension of this operation known as Operation Gladio.
A lot of people are familiar with Operation Gladio as the NATO/U.S. covert false-flag operations around the world during the Soviet Union era, during the Communism. You know, basically we went all over Europe, Eastern Europe, in Central and South America, and we created terror attacks and basically blamed that on the Communists and on the Soviet Union. Now, people — and the documents surfaced, and this was after the fall of the Soviet Union. There were some trials and some parliamentary hearings in Italy because Italy, of course, also was and is a NATO ally, and they played a role, not the major role, in these false terror attacks under Operation Gladio. And based on the declassified documents, it’s already a confirmed — it’s not a conspiracy theory. It’s not one of those, you know, unconfirmed reports. It is an operation that, after the fall of the Soviet Union, became known through all these documents that, yes, in fact, for several decades, we carried out — and especially in the 1980s, as this was the height of it, late ’70s until mid ’80s — these false terror attacks under Operation Gladio under the U.S. and NATO.
Now, the false belief is that that operation stopped in 1990, 1991, and that the U.S. and NATO, they shut down the older cells that they had placed in various countries, including Italy, and because the Soviet regime fell and the Communism was gone. And that is not the case. And that has to do with my case, with my whistleblowing because one of the most important partners during the initial phases of Operation Gladio was Turkey; again, a NATO member. And of course, you can see the importance of Turkey strategically where it’s located.
R. James Woolsey, Jr. – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Never once in his two-year tenure did CIA director James Woolsey ever have a … has been a Board Member and Vice-Chairman of The Jamestown Foundation. … Friedman’s Discovery Channel documentary Addicted to Oil, and in the 2006 …
Again, one can disagree with the spin or interpretation of these authors or not. However, Russia sees itself in active conflict with the CIA and British intelligence in this region. Russia sees itself as threatened by Chechen violence. Russia wants the US and UK to be the target of Chechen terrorism so we will ally with Russia against Chechens and Muslim radicals in Central Asia and not put sanctions on Russia over Russia cracking down at some future date.
Thus Russia will continue to tie Berezovsky to British intelligence and Shleifer to the CIA and to imply that Berezovsky was an American British agent the whole time in the 1990s. Russia will say the CIA and Brits wanted the oil in the 1990s and were manipulating the Chechen conflict with Russia to break Chechnya away to help the CIA and Brits take the oil in the region.
This will include planting twisted stories in Chechen terrorist groups through plants. It will continue public propaganda bringing up Berezovsky. It will include more manipulation through academics.
Obama promoting Summers and even Yellen will continue to promote this manipulation by Russia of these academic connections and links. That will in turn continue to promote Chechen terrorism in the US and UK or against American and British targets world wide.