From time to time we use the term Max Born Spy Ring. We outline the hypothesis that Max Born had a spy ring around him.
Following is essential reading on Max Born and his wife’s extreme leftism and family history involved in Marxism.
“The wide-ranging family history of Max Born”
Read online free: (May be limited to 5 of these a month or something like that)
Interesting reminiscences. Search on Born or Heisenberg.
Those who were Max Born assistants
Who was in the Max Born spy Ring? First, who was a known Communist given our information now.
- Klaus Fuchs
- Leopold Infeld
- Kun Huang
- Cheng Kaijia
- Huanwu Peng
- L. M. Yang
- J. Robert Oppenheimer effectively a Communist by donations, friends, brother, etc.
Max Born mentions the 4 Chinese in his book, “My Life Recollections of a Nobel Laureate” He doesn’t tell us that some of them later got credit for helping build China’s atomic bomb.
Max Born Assistants who plotted killing of Werner Heisenberg before WWII was over.
- Victor Weisskopf
- J. Robert Oppenheimer
Most hated physicists post war were all Max Born assistants.
- Edward Teller
- Werner Heisenberg
- Pascual Jordan
That Heisenberg was hated is clear from his son’s website.
Teller is well known to have been hated for testifying against Oppenheimer. Heisenberg and Pascual Jordan may have been hated for what they might have said. Each was pre-emptively discredited post WWII. Jordan by Max Born’s wife who collected his pro Nazi writings and republished them. Heisenberg was discredited post WWII as described at the website above, particularly by Sam Goudsmit who wrote an attack on Heisenberg in 1947. Goudsmit later apologized to Jochen Heisenberg.
- Lobbied for release of Klaus Fuchs when interned. This was after Born knew he was a Communist as indicated later? Born didn’t disclose that in the lobbying?
- Gave Edward Corson job as adjunct prof for a year at Edinburgh and let him use department resources to write two books. This was after the Fock Letter. Corson likely was recommended to this by Klaus Fuchs.
- Max Born very left wing himself by his own admission in his book.
- His wife also left wing according to Gustav Born paper.
- Ancestors of Max Born involved in development of Marxism.
Born Yang paper on Nuclear Shell Model
Nature 166, 399 (02 September 1950); doi:10.1038/166399a0
Klaus Fuchs was arrested in January 1950. He could have been tutoring Yang on nuclear physics for atomic bombs or processing on the side before that, as well as the others. Fuchs was back in the UK by 1946 and that gave him overlap with all 4 Chinese in the UK. Edward Corson also had overlap with several of them and he also could have tutored them in Oak Ridge type calculations and methods. So could have Peierls.
Might have insights:
From the above it is clear after careful study that Max Born was very likely a Communist and that he knowingly sponsored Communist spies for Russia who were sent to him by Russian spy masters.
It seems likely that Max Born assistants before Oppenheimer were not Communists and many of those after were. Heisenberg, Jordan and Pauli may have been targets of recruitment by Max Born. All 3 may have known that Oppenheimer was a Communist.
Born and Jordan may have had a falling out over an attempt by Born to recruit Jordan as a Communist.
Heisenberg may have asked Niels Bohr at their famous meeting in Copenhagen to tell the British and Americans that Max Born and his assistants from Oppenheimer on were Communists or most of them and should be excluded from war work. This may be the real issue that caused their break. The plot to kill Heisenberg was made by Weisskopf and Oppenheimer after Bohr escaped to the UK and US. He may have told them what was really said. It is considered a mystery what was said at this meeting. Jochen Heisenberg says the break actually came earlier. Werner Heisenberg may have brought this up earlier with Borh, e.g. sometime before Heisenberg’s 1939 trip to America.
Victor Weisskopf says that Wolfgang Pauli refused to work on the atom bomb project during WWII because Pauli was too pure. Pauli was at Princeton during the war. Perhaps the reason was that Pauli knew Oppenheimer was a Communist? Weisskopf was a Max Born assistant and seems like a slippery fellow. Weisskopf made it his business to write much of the history of these scientists and this may be part of covering up what he knew or did.
Max Born’s memoirs were published after his death.
It is very important to get a copy of “The wide-ranging family history of Max Born” and read it. This shows how left wing Max Born and his wife were and that a Max Born ancestor was involved with the birth of Marxism.
The above is speculation and hypotheses. Please restate as questions. All other disclaimers apply.