If one does the search Catholics immigration one gets many hits showing a lot of intense feeling on the subject of immigration.
Google news: Catholics immigration.
America’s Fear of Outsiders
Thursday, May. 31, 2007 By RICHARD BROOKHISER
The bigotry of immigration opponents is a familiar shadow in our civic myth, like the devils and tempters in a medieval morality play.
Richard Brookhiser is familiar to those who watched Firing Line or have read National Review.
Ann Don’t Know Nothing
For years now, I have argued that the animus against Hispanic immigrants who cross the border without first asking permission from the Border Patrol was driven more by anti-Catholicism than it was by a concern about the lack of papers.
Strangers in the Land: An Old Theme Replayed
By Dino E. Buenviaje
Dino E. Buenviaje writes for the History News Service and is a graduate student at the University of California, Riverside.
|Ellis Island’s past returns in immigration row|
|By: Daniel Trotta|
|Thu Jun 14, 2007 11:59 AM EDT(Pic)- Windows boarded up at the hospital buildings on Ellis Island, June 12, 2007 (View Slideshow). REUTERS/Chip East|
==Response to bigotry charge
Now that we have heard the usual cries of bigotry by those who have the best intentions for us, lets see what the numbers and a theorem on immigration have to tell us about immigration.
First some numbers, in a graph:
Graph of black and white fertility from 1800 to 1990. The only period when black or white fertility went up was during immigration restriction from around 1940 to 1957, at the peak. At all other times, fertility fell.
Now the theorem:
This is in line with the Immigration Vanishing Survival Theorem which states that immigration causes the genetic survival ratios of all the genes that come here, the flow, and all the genes here at any point in time, the stock, to asymptote to zero.
Men’s median wages in the US are flat since 1973. See graph page 18 at census:
Median Wage Increase in constant dollars.Last three decades. Sorted Best-to-Worst.D:Clinton 565 D:Carter -108 R:Reagan -228 R:Bush II -588 R:Bush I -825
Except for Clinton, the median wage has gone down under every President since Ford took office in August 1974.
More data links on wages
More on fertility and wages:
==In 1700’s America was one of the best places to live
By the beginning of the eighteenth century, the population in Britain’s North American colonies was growing at an unprecedented rate. At a time when Europe’s population was increasing just 1 percent a year, New England’s growth rate was 2.6 or 2.7 percent annually. By the early eighteenth century, the population was also growing extremely rapidly in the middle Atlantic and southern colonies, largely as a result of a low death rate and a sex ratio that was more balanced than in Europe itself.
America tended to have higher wage levels than Europe even prior to the massive industrialization of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The ready availability of free land in North American prior to the 20th century, and the widespread knowledge of farming skills among immigrants, meant that it was hard to get people to work for wages; they often preferred to work their own farm rather than be under the thumb of a boss. Indeed, this was the reason for the introduction of slave-labor (initially using both white and black slaves) for large-scale plantation farming in Virginia in the 17th century: it was the only way to get the necessary labor force.
However as the Elderweb graph of both black and white fertility shows, this Eden of the 18th century was facing a rude awakening in the 19th century.
As of 1800, the country was doing well to let women have 8 children per woman, although some died in childbirth to be sure.
The constant drop in both black and white fertility in the entire 19th century shows that there was some extreme stress placed on the human population, both black and white. Some form of competition resulted in both blacks and whites having to have fewer children and instead put that energy into working longer hours.
Wages were 22 cents an hour in 1890, after they rose after the US Civil War.
Many tenements did not have indoor plumbing or running water. Sewage collected in outhouses and rats were prevalent, carrying and spreading disease, often to children. In 1857, 2/3 of New York City�s deaths were children under age 5, mostly Irish. (W., p. 67) There were also epidemics of typhoid, cholera, tuberculosis and pneumonia throughout East Coast cities.
Seems like the bigots had the names: typhoid, cholera and tuberculosis.
Women who worked in factories found the work to be dirty, low-paying and dangerous. In Boston, New York, Philadelphia and Baltimore in 1833, Irish women who worked making cotton shirts were on a piecework system. They were paid between 6-10 cents a shirt and worked about 13-14 hours a day. Since they could only make nine shirts a week, the maximum pay was about 90 cents a week.5
Wages on Erie Canal:
Canal construction resumed in April 1824, and in several years some 2,600 men were digging and hauling dirt from the ditch. Laborers toiled with pick and shovel at the immense construction task, working for an average daily wage of 75 cents.
Francis Cabot Lowell built the country’s first water-powered cotton mill on farmland near Pawtucket Falls in northeastern Massachusetts in 1814. Within two decades the area had become one of the foremost industrial centers in America. As more mills were built, their owners recruited young, single New England farm girls as laborers. When the “mill girls,” as they were called, rebelled against the long hours and low wages, they were replaced by Irishmen fleeing the potato famine of the 1840s. … On wages of 75 cents a day, the early laborers crowded into a shantytown of mud huts and shacks.
search Lowell girls
Lowell Girl Picture Gallery:
Lives of Lowell Mill Girls
=PBS takes Lowell’s side:
Another of Lowell’s innovations was in hiring young farm girls to work in the mill. He paid them lower wages than men, but offered benefits that many girls, some as young as 15, were eager to earn. Mill girls lived in clean company boardinghouses with chaperones, were paid cash, and benefitted from religious and educational activities. Waltham boomed as workers flocked to Lowell’s novel enterprise.
Search: Lowell girls 1836 strike
Despite the opportunity to experience city life away from home and earn money, the working and living conditions were often unfair. The boarding houses charged rent and provided a single meal of bread and gravy after a full day’s work. When the rent charged for staying at the boardinghouses increased in 1836, Lowell’s Factory Girls’ Association went on strike. This strike went on for an entire month but their unsympathetic employers had them evicted from their boardinghouses when the strikers’ money had run out (cited from Howard Zinn’s, A People’s History of the United States: Volume I). A series of strikes on the part of Lowell workers helped to reduce the length of their work day. In 1835, workers from 20 different mills all went on strike to reduce their working day from 13.5 hours to eleven, then on December of 1844, when five women, including Sarah Bagley, met to fight for a ten hour work day, the Lowell Female Labor Reform Association was born. The union grew in three months to 600 members in the Lowell community. Petition after petition went out to the community and other mills; the Ten Hours Movement was into full effect. In 1852 the first state law limiting women’s working day to ten hours passed in Ohio. This lead to many more movements including support for women’s suffrage, equal pay for women, and strikes. The Lowell mill girls helped bring about a movement which brought about labor laws that still affect us today .
Harriet Hanson Robinson began work in Lowell at the age of ten, later becoming an author and advocate of women’s suffrage.
Cutting down the wages was not their only grievance, nor the only cause of this strike. Hitherto the corporations had paid twenty-five cents a week towards the board of each operative, and now it was their purpose to have the girls pay the sum; and this, in addition to the cut in the wages, would make a difference of at least one dollar a week. It was estimated that as many as twelve or fifteen hundred girls turned out, and walked in procession through the streets. They had neither flags nor music, but sang songs, a favorite (but rather inappropriate) one being a parody on “I won’t be a nun. ”
“Oh! isn’t it a pity, such a pretty girl as I-
Should be sent to the factory to pine away and die?
Oh ! I cannot be a slave,
I will not be a slave,
For I’m so fond of liberty
That I cannot be a slave.”
PBS takes Lowell’s side, not the Lowell Mill Girls’ side. PBS wants corporate speaking fees.
==The Mill not the Pill KO’d fertility in America
Fertility in 1800 was 7 for white women:
By 1850 it was down to 5.5. The Pill was released in 1960. So it was not the pill, but the Mill that brought the girls’ fertility down. Lowell Jr. wanted to take away their 25 cents board and make them pay it and cut their wages 75 cents a week when they made 75 cents a day.
By 1920, fertility was down to about 3 for white women. So it fell from 7 to 3 in about 120 years. Those were the years of immigration. It was the mill at 75 cent cents a day that brought fertility down, not the pill.
The pill was introduced in 1960, when fertility was about 3.5 already a little down from its peak in 1957 of about 3.75. Fertility fell to a low below 2 and then came back up a little.
So the fall from 7 to 2 for white women from 1800 to 1990 can be decomposed into a fall of 4 from 1800 to 1920 and then a further fall of 1 from 3 in 1920 to 2 today. Of that fall in 1, the pill can only be at most one.
Since fertility rose to 3.75 in 1957 before the pill, this shows that ending immigration from the 1920’s to the early 1940’s and its slow buildup afterwards is what rebuilt the fertility crushed by Lowell Jr’s Mill Plan.
Who is Francis Cabot Lowell today?
Teddy Kennedy, George Bush, John McCain, Bill Gates, Michael Bloomberg, and so on.
Although he died early at age 42, only 3 years after building his first mill, Lowell left his Boston Manufacturing Company in superb financial health. In 1821, dividends were paid out at an astounding 27.5% to shareholders. In 1822, Lowell’s partners named their new mill town on the Merrimack River “Lowell,” after their visionary leader. One of his sons, Francis Cabot Lowell Jr., continued to work in his father’s footsteps.
As do George Bush, Teddy Kennedy and John McCain. Each of them is the son of a successful father, and they each try to surpass their father. Francis Cabot Lowell Jr. wanted to surpass his father, so he cut the pay of the Lowell Mill Girls in 1836 and said they had to pay the 25 cents a week for board the company had given them. He was trying to surpass his father’s dividend record.
Bush Jr. may be punishing Buchanan Perot voters by immigration. This may be revenge for their humiliating his father by voting for Perot in 1992, causing Bush Sr. not to be re-elected. Bush Jr. may have had two main ideas in mind, get Saddam for trying to kill his father, and get the Buchanan Perot voters by immigration for humiliating his father in 1992.
Just like Lowell father and son, Bush, Kennedy and McCain are trying to push up corporate dividends by pushing down wages, using immigration as a tool. Lowell Jr. brought in Irish immigrants in the 1840’s to replace the girls who “betrayed” Lowell Jr and Daddy’s company by striking in 1836 against a cut in pay and paying the 25 cents a week board. They were just like Buchanan Perot voters who did a voters’ strike in 1992 against Daddy for their wages being low and their having unemployment, just 6 years after the Reagan Bush 1986 Amnesty.
Teddy Kennedy is bringing in stock returns for Kennedy trust fund stock portfolios. John McCain for his wife’s business and stock portfolio. Just like Lowell Jr. they are proving they are bread winners for their families who have invested their hopes for retirement security in them. They need that immigration to keep down wages to provide for their retirement.
Bush Jr. is guaranteeing corporate speaking fees for himself to support the Bush daughters and Bush clan. Clinton made 10 million a year in speaking fees. Bush is 2 years from speaking fees.
“NEW DATA SHOW EXTRAORDINARY JUMP IN INCOME CONCENTRATION IN 2004″ By Aviva Aron-Dine and Isaac Shapiro for a graph of income share of top 1 percent from 1913 to 2004.
7 of the top 8 wealthiest Senators voted for S. 2611, amnesty, affirmative action, non-deportable crime, and a pathway for the top 1 percent of households to continue to enjoy 20 percent of each year’s income, compared to 10 percent before Kennedy’s 1965 Immigration Act. The only 1 of the top 8 who didn’t vote for S. 2611 didn’t vote, Jay Rockefeller. McCain is 7th and Kennedy 8th in wealth.
Rank Name Minimum Net Worth Maximum Net Worth
1 Herb Kohl (D-Wis) $219,098,029 to $234,549,004 Voted Yes S. 2611
2 John Kerry (D-Mass) $165,741,511 to $235,262,100 Voted Yes S. 2611
3 Jay Rockefeller (D-WVa) $78,150,023 to $101,579,003 Not Voting S. 2611
4 Dianne Feinstein (D-Calif) $43,343,464 to $98,660,021 Voted Yes S. 2611
5 Lincoln D. Chafee (R-RI) $41,153,105 to $64,096,019 Voted Yes S. 2611
6 Frank R. Lautenberg (D-NJ) $38,198,170 to $90,733,019 Voted Yes S. 2611
7 John McCain (R-Ariz) $25,071,142 to $38,043,014 Voted Yes S. 2611
8 Edward M. Kennedy (D-Mass) $19,189,049 to $93,043,004 Voted Yes S. 2611
Ted Kennedy is no friend to women. He treated Mary Jo Kopechne like a Lowell Mill Girl in 1969 when he left her to die in an air bubble at Chappaquiddick.
Ted couldn’t wait. He couldn’t wait that night. He couldn’t wait for his 1965 Immigration Act to cut Mary Jo Kopechne’s fertility by the immigration substitution effect, that substitutes immigrants for births, but did it himself. That was his method of birth control that night.
V2: Ted the magic driver with a plan called amnesty
Ted was thinking of running for president and couldn’t risk calling the police diver to get the girl in the air pocket because it might harm his presidential campaign. So he went back to his hotel and called his advisers on how to handle the damage. This was shown by telephone records disclosed by the New York Times after the 1980 election. Ted had to live up to his powerful father now that three of his elder brothers were dead.
Kennedy Jr., Bush Jr., McCain Jr., and Lowell Jr. were all trying to prove themselves to powerful fathers, in some cases, ones already dead. They wanted to do it by reducing us to Lowell Mill Girls and Boiler Room Girls as they called Mary Jo Kopechne. The Senate Amnesty Bill is the Lowell Mill Girls, Boiler Room Girls Bill. It puts us in an air pocket and slowly squeezes the air.
That is what the Immigration Vanishing Survival Theorem tells us with math. Immigration causes every gene that comes here, the flow, and every gene that is here, the stock, to go extinct over time.
Alan Greenspan, Chairman of the US Federal Reserve, gave testimony to the U.S. Senate last year:
“Although discovery of new technologies is to some degree a matter of luck, we know that human activities do respond to economic incentives. A relative shortage of workers should increase the incentives for developing labor-saving technologies and
may actually spur technological development. Economic historians have argued that one reason that the United States surpassed Great Britain in the early nineteenth century as the leader in technological innovation was the relative scarcity of labor in the United States. Patent records of this period show that innovation did respond to economic incentives and that the scarcity of labor clearly provided incentives to develop new methods of production.”
Greenspan and Vdare are telling us there is a substitution effect between immigration and technology. There is a see-saw. When immigration goes down, technology goes up. Wages are what connect the two arms of the see-saw.
Its the rise of wages when immigration is low that sends the message to business to spend on technology. This then increases the productivity of labor. That in turn fuels higher rises in wages. That is what happened during immigration restriction.
Labor Day is almost upon us, and like some of my fellow graybeards, I can, if I concentrate, actually remember what it was that this holiday once celebrated. Something about America being the land of broadly shared prosperity. Something about America being the first nation in human history that had a middle-class majority, where parents had every reason to think their children would fare even better than they had.
The young may be understandably incredulous, but the Great Compression, as economists call it, was the single most important social fact in our country in the decades after World War II. From 1947 through 1973, American productivity rose by a whopping 104 percent, and median family income rose by the very same 104 percent. More Americans bought homes and new cars and sent their kids to college than ever before. In ways more difficult to quantify, the mass prosperity fostered a generosity of spirit: The civil rights revolution and the Marshall Plan both emanated from an America in which most people were imbued with a sense of economic security.
That America is as dead as the dodo. Ours is the age of the Great Upward Redistribution.
Since 1973 productivity gains have outpaced median family income by 3 to 1.
from Devaluing Labor By Harold Meyerson
Wednesday, August 30, 2006; Page A19
==Appendix Data Sources
Immigration by decade and country of origin:
(above not adjusted for inflation?)
Rudi Giuliani’s comments about Know Nothings inspired Vanishing American to comment on this theme in some insightful essays. In recent days, I have read the following essays by Vanishing American which influenced me to write this essay.